Treatment of autoimmune diseases in the Neuro Praxis Düsseldorf
Autoimmune diseases are conditions in which the body's immune system malfunctions and attacks healthy cells and tissues. There are several types of autoimmune diseases that can affect different organs and tissues of the body. Some examples are:
- Rheumatic diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus and scleroderma affecting the connective tissue and joints.
- Thyroid disorders such as Hashimoto's thyroiditis and Graves' disease, which affect the thyroid gland.
- Skin diseases such as psoriasis and dermatomyositis affecting the skin and muscles.
- Gastrointestinal diseases such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, which affect the gut.
The symptoms of autoimmune diseases can vary and depend on the specific condition.
Diagnosing autoimmune diseases can be difficult and often requires a combination of the following methods:
- Anamnesis (patient history)
- physical examination
- Blood tests (e.g. antibody tests, inflammation parameters)
- Imaging procedures (e.g. MRI, CT, MRT)
- Nerve function tests (e.g. electromyography)
- Tissue samples (biopsy)
Treatment may include medications such as anti-inflammatories, corticosteroids, and immunosuppressants.
Treatment options for autoimmune diseases include:
- Medications such as corticosteroids, immunosuppressants, monoclonal antibodies.
- Plasmapheresis or intravenous immunoglobulin therapy
- Physiotherapy and rehabilitation
- Diet and lifestyle changes
- Clinical studies (for certain diseases)
It is important to note that treatment is different for each person and disease and should be individualized in consultation with a doctor.
It is important that autoimmune diseases are recognized and treated early to avoid serious consequences. However, a definitive diagnosis can often only be made after a thorough examination.